|Objective • Executive Summary
The main objective of this baseline survey is to provide water, sanitation, and hygiene related health baseline data for Nigeria that will form the platform for tracking and reporting the progress that is making towards achieving the MDGs for water supply and sanitation. The specific objectives of the assignment are to establish the location and operational conditions of the water supply and sanitation facilities, geo- reference them and produce water supply and sanitation maps; carry out thorough statistical sampling and survey of communities at ward level and produce database of current proportion of people with access to improved water supply and sanitation. The ward output will consolidated to form local government output, which in turn will be consolidated to produce the states, zonal and national output in order. The final results will form the platform for tracking and reporting to relevant authorities, the progress that the country is making in its march towards achieving the MDGs for water supply and sanitation.
In September 2000, 147 heads of state and government, and 189 nations in total, committed themselves to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). One of the targets defined for achieving the MDGs is to “halve by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation”. To monitor progress towards achieving this MDG target, there is need to have baseline information on the water supply and sanitation sector against which future assessments can be measured. In order to gather baseline information about the sector, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources (FMAWR) recently commissioned seven baseline consultants to establish the location and operational conditions of water supply and sanitation facilities in different parts of the country, geo- reference them and produce water supply and sanitation maps. A management Information System (MIS) Consultant was also commissioned with a different mandate. Geomatics Nigeria Limited (GNL) was the baseline consultant commissioned to carry out the assignment in the southwest geo- political zone. The zone has six States which are Ekiti, Oyo, Lagos, Osun, Ogun and Ondo States.
The study approach involves the use of survey forms (questionnaire) designed designed by the MIS Consultant appointed by the Client. The forms are:
- Form 01 (Water Supply Facility Survey): To capture the location, attributes, and operational status of water supply facilities.
- Form 02 (Water Supply Agency Operational Survey): To collect data on the profile of water agencies in the states; in terms of production assets; capacity utilization; manpower; and financial sustainability.
- Form 03 (Sanitation Facility Survey): To capture the location, types and conditions of sanitation facilities.
- Form 04 (Water related Diseases Survey): To collect data on reported cases of water related diseases from health institutions
- Form 05 (Household Survey): To capture data on the proportion of households that have access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities and prevalence of water related diseases in each community
- Form 06 (Summary form for the Local Government Area)
Primary information was obtained through household survey carried out by recruited and well- trained enumerators. The survey was carried out in every ward in the states. Within each ward, at least 24 houses were selected. Where the ward is a multi- community ward, the selected houses were shared among two randomly selected streets or quarters in the community. Facility survey and determination of their coordinates were carried out by members of the project team with aid of GPS units. Secondary information on water supply and sanitation in the states were obtained from the LGAs, Water Corporation for the states, Ogun-Osun River Basin Development Authority, water supply schemes, other sanitation offices and health institutions across the states. Preliminary results of the study were discussed with stakeholders in a project de- briefing workshop where genuine concerns were addressed.
This report constitutes a source of information for water and sanitation coverage estimates in southwest geo- political zone. It provides information to those within and beyond the water supply and sanitation sector of the current status of water supply and sanitation in the zone. It highlights some of the challenges faced in meeting the need for safe water and adequate sanitation in the zone. Monitoring progress towards achieving the MDGs in the water supply and sanitation sector is essential if the political commitment of the government is to be maintained. The information contained in the report will provide a sound basis for planning, implementing and monitoring improvements in water supply and sanitation in coming years.
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